Would you like to dive into the gorgeous Caribbean country of Belize to learn about how to protect our marine ecosystems?
Join the United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) Wild for Life for a virtual, immersive journey through three unique but connected marine ecosystems – mangroves, seagrass and coral reefs – that are threatened by human activity such as tourism development, fishing and pollution.
The marine journey allows users to explore underwater magic as three different personas, showing how biodiversity functions to deliver vital goods and services to humanity, the threats these ecosystems face and how simple actions can help to better protect the interconnected habitats.
The personas – a tourist, recreational boater or fisher – are chosen to represent people visiting the ocean for holidays, those who live near the ocean and enjoy it recreationally, and people who operate a business involving the ocean. Each has unique motives and presents a unique threat, as well as a unique opportunity to protect ecosystems. Users are encouraged to try all three.
Neighbour to Mexico, Guatemala and the Caribbean, Belize is home to a 300km stretch of the Mesoamerican barrier reef, upon which nearly 200,000 people depend for tourism and fishing. The country is renowned for its innovative marine strategies geared at protecting oceans. For instance, a license is needed to fish in Belize’s closely managed waters and catch must be reported, helping curb illegal fishing.
If diving into the journey as a tourist, the first ecosystem users encounter are mangroves, touted as the ‘Guardians of the Coast’. Users will learn that mangroves provide the nursery habitat for many commercial fish species and help mitigate climate change, as they are extremely efficient carbon sinks.
But, mangroves are under threat from the negative impacts of human activities such as coastline development, aquaculture and pollution. While journeying through the mangroves, users will examine the impact of human actions like feeding fish on their environment.
Users also explore seagrass, ‘the daycare of the Sea,’ where young, vulnerable marine creatures are nursed before they are strong enough to move to reefs and other marine ecosystems.
The final journey is through coral reefs, ‘the underwater cities of the sea,’ another ecosystem in peril. During the ‘journey, the user learns how human activity, even using sunscreen can affect coral. Chemical-based sunscreens, which use ingredients like avobenzone and oxybenzone, are toxic to coral reefs, while mineral-based sunscreens are safe for the skin and reefs.
UNEP and partners work in Belize as part of the Cartagena Convention for the protection and management of marine ecosystems. The country has nominated three managed Marine Protected Areas as part of SPAW protocol: Glover’s reef Marine Reserve, Hol Chan Marine Reserve and Port Honduras Marine Reserve in support of Sustainable Development Goal 14: life under water.
Leticia Carvalho, the coordinator of the UNEP Marine and Freshwater Branch, said human beings have a lot to gain from healthy ecosystems.
“Coral reefs are the most biodiverse ecosystems in the ocean, housing approximately 25 per cent of marine species and providing livelihoods for at least 500 million people around the world. Unfortunately, they are also the most vulnerable ecosystem to climate change globally. The time is now for member states to join hands to confront the global coral reef crisis and to protect this valuable ecosystem,” she said.
The world’s biosphere is declining faster than at any time in human history found the 2019 report by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). One million wild plant and animal species are facing extinction, many within decades.
Marine Journeys seeks to mobilize and inspire people to conserve our valuable underwater ecosystems. It is one in four distinct ecosystems with other upcoming journeys to include peatlands, savannas, and forests.
The model follows suit from another innovative product. In March 2020, Wild for Life launched the Reef Rider Journey, a virtual underwater challenge that allows you to experience a coral reef through the eyes of a sea turtle to understand its unique role in maintaining nature’s balance.