05 Nov 2018 Story Climate change

Business unusual: the shift to “carbon neutral”

Wikimedia

Dozens of countries and companies are racing to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas driving climate change.

In October climate scientists issued a dramatic warning that we need to change the way we live if we are to avoid the serious consequences of allowing global warming to go 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. They urged changes "in all aspects of society" to limit climate warming.

The warnings chime with findings in UN Environment’s 2017 Emissions Gap Report which warned that we are headed towards a 3°C rise in global temperatures unless countries change the way they do business.

Over the past few years we have seen significant changes in the building, agriculture, transport, energy, industry and forest sectors towards carbon neutrality and sustainability. Carbon neutrality, or having a net zero carbon footprint, refers to achieving net zero carbon emissions by balancing a measured amount of carbon released with an equivalent amount sequestered or offset.

Under the Paris Agreement, all country-signatories should strive to formulate and communicate their long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies by 2020.  Only 10 countries have done so to date. However, recent data gathered by UN Environment suggests the pace of change is quickening: many countries that have not officially submitted their long-term strategies still announced zero-carbon targets for 2050.

More than 20 cities and over 100 companies have committed to becoming carbon neutral, and an alliance of 60-plus state/regional, city governments and multinational businesses are now committed to 100 per cent zero emission targets through the zero emission vehicle (ZEV) challenge.

Countries

In the United States of America, the states of Hawaii and California have committed to becoming carbon neutral by 2045.

In 2017, the Swedish parliament committed the country to becoming a net-zero carbon emitter by 2045.

A draft Netherlands Climate Law sets a 49 per cent greenhouse gas emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, and a 95 per cent cut by 2050, with a carbon-neutral electricity system. The proposal is backed by seven political parties, who between them hold 113 of the 150 seats in the Dutch parliament.

The new climate change minister and Green Party co-leader in New Zealand, James Shaw, has announced the government's intention to pass a Zero Carbon Act, whereby the economy would achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

In 2016, the Republic of the Marshall Islands committed to achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions and 100 per cent renewable energy by 2050.

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Solar farm in Morocco. Photo by Hugh Searight Noor

Argentina, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Denmark, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Monaco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Spain and Sweden and the United Kingdom have committed, by 2020, to toughen their climate goals and limit greenhouse gas emissions more than already planned under the Paris Agreement.

Cities

In October 2017, New York City released a plan setting out how the entire city aims to be carbon neutral by 2050. This could include large-scale renewables, carbon sequestration, and carbon offsets to account for all residual pollution.

The governments of 19 cities – Copenhagen, Johannesburg, London, Los Angeles, Montreal, New York City, Newburyport, Paris, Portland, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Monica, Stockholm, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto, Tshwane, Vancouver and Washington DC – have committed to significantly cut greenhouse gases by ensuring that new buildings operate at net zero carbon by 2030, and all buildings in these cities, old or new, will meet net zero carbon standards by 2050.

The term “net zero carbon” in relation to buildings means that the total amount of energy used by a building on an annual basis is roughly equal to the amount of renewable energy created on the site.

In Italy, Milan will have a zero-emission historical city centre by 2030; all fossil fuel vehicles will be banned from the city centre by 2029.

Companies

“Reducing our emissions is both a corporate responsibility and a way to mitigate long-term risk," says UN Environment climate change expert Niklas Hagelberg.

RE100 is a collaborative, global initiative uniting more than 100 influential businesses committed to 100 per cent renewable electricity and working to massively increase demand for, and delivery of, renewable energy. They have made a commitment to go “100 per cent renewable” by 2050. So far 152 RE100 companies have made this commitment.

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Carbon Neutral Laboratory Centre for Sustainable Chemistry, United Kingdom. Photo by Flickr

Unilever, a member of EV100 electric vehicle initiative and the RE100 initiative, has committed to making electric vehicle transportation the “new normal” by 2030.

BNP Paribas has committed to becoming carbon neutral by the end of the year in terms of the CO₂ emissions arising from its own operations, by reducing its direct CO₂ emissions by 25 per cent by 2020; by using only low-carbon electricity in countries where it is available; and by offsetting CO₂ emissions that cannot be directly avoided or reduced.

Swedish furniture company IKEA has committed to becoming climate positive by aiming for only renewable electricity and heat in IKEA operations, and by promoting on-site renewable energy generation and new installations.

Under the Kigali Amendment, 197 countries have committed to cutting the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a greenhouse gas, by more than 80 per cent over the next 30 years. Air conditioners use refrigerants usually comprised of HFCs.

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Midea air conditioner. Photo by wikimedia

Now Chinese company Midea Group, the world’s leading home appliances manufacturer, has just announced that its All Easy Series R-290 residential split systems air conditioner is the first of its kind to obtain Blue Angel Certification for its ultra-low global warming potential, high energy efficiency, low noise and safety. The certification, owned by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety, represents the highest standards for energy efficiency, health and environment-friendliness of home appliances.

For further information please contact Niklas Hagelberg