The PCFV has been most successful in the global elimination of leaded petrol. In 2002 when the PCFV was formed, 82 countries were still using leaded petrol. Today only 3 countries are remaining and plans are underway to also eliminate leaded petrol in these countries.
Leaded petrol poisoning has been one of the world’s most serious environmental health problems, responsible for 90% or more of human lead exposure. A UNEP-commissioned study (Hatfield, Journal of Environmental Health, 2011) estimates the benefits of the global elimination of leaded petrol at over 1.2 million premature deaths avoided per year, of which 125,000 are children. The overall global benefit of eliminating leaded petrol adds up to $2.45 trillion per year.
(Click on the Instruments drop down menu to select the required parameter)