Ecosystem-based Adaptation in El Salvador, Jamaica and Mexico

Project Title 

Building climate resilience of urban systems through Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in Latin America and the Caribbean

Key Figures

  • Budget: $6m (Co-finance: $29.7m)
  • Executing Entities: El Salvador’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN); Jamaica’s Ministry of Water, Land, Environment and Climate Change (MWLECC); Mexico’s Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT)
  • Area to rehabilitate: 
    El Salvador - 1,000 hectares of sustainable agriculture; 16 kilometres of riparian forest restored; 150 hectares of critical ecosystems restored. 
    Jamaica - 44,000 trees planted for watershed restoration; 2 hectares of wetland rehabilitated; 2.3 hectares restored in a park, including 1,400 trees planted. 
    Mexico - 3,600 metres of riparian corridor restored; 200 m connectivity corridor between EbA action gardens; 2,000 metres of linear park restored
  • Beneficiaries: 194,090 (115,500 in El Salvador; 42,000 in Jamaica and 36,590 in Mexico)
  • Fund: Special Climate Change Fund
  • Status: Under implementation


The rapid urbanization of cities in Latin America and the Caribbean is resulting in socio-economic problems and the degradation of urban and peri-urban ecosystems, both of which are exacerbated by climate change. The project aims to address the vulnerability of urban communities to climate change in three medium-sized cities: San Salvador (El Salvador), Kingston (Jamaica) and Xalapa (Mexico) through the implementation of ecosystem-based adaptation approaches and their integration into urban planning.

In San Salvador, a degraded watershed will be restored with reforestation and conservation agriculture approaches. This will reduce runoff and erosion during heavy rainfall and increase ground water recharge. In Kingston, a watershed will be restored using native tree species to mitigate the impacts of floods and droughts. In Xalapa, revegetation and soil conservation will be undertaken along a stream using species adapted to flooding. At the urban landscape scale, permeable walkways will be constructed to promote rainwater infiltration, and an artificial wetland and a riparian park will be established. At the household scale, ecological sanitation plans will be developed, and rainwater harvesting systems constructed at schools and public buildings.

Media & Resources

To explore our other EbA projects, click here.