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Background

Second oceans forum posterFish and seafood is one of the most traded food commodities in the world. Some 38 per cent of world production enters international trade, of which more than half originates in developing countries. Global exports reached 153 US$ billion in 2017, slightly up compared to 2016. The net trade income for developing countries (export – import), valued at US$ 36 billion in 2016, is greater than all other agricultural commodities combined. Around 58 million people are directly employed in fisheries and aquaculture, with some 200 million direct and indirect employment opportunities occurring along the value chain from harvesting to distribution. Hence the livelihoods of some 660 to 880 million people depend on the sector. However, the basis of this prosperity is fragile, as wild stocks are under increasing pressure, and improvements are necessary to more effectively harness the power of trade within value chains and their related services.

In 2016, global capture fishery production consisted of 81.5 million tonnes from marine waters and 10.3 million tonnes from inland waters. Since the early 2000s, despite a relatively steady total capture, the state of the world’s marine fish stocks has not improved, although notable progress has been observed in some areas or species. The share of fish stocks below biologically sustainable levels (overfished) increased from 10 per cent in 1974 to 31.4 per cent in 2013. The fully fished stocks represented 58.1% in 2013 and require effective management regimes to ensure they don’t become overfished. Given this trend, the role of aquaculture in meeting current and future demand will be significant, as estimates indicate that by 2030 around two third of the total seafood output will be farmed.

Global value chains (GVCs) in the fishing and seafood sector (including other marine species such as crustaceans, mollusks and seaweed) tend to be vertically integrated, as in the case of food and agricultural commodities. However, the associated activities of trade within GVCs are diverse, including fishing harbours, landing sites, refrigeration and processing facilities, maritime and logistical services, insurance, financial services, maintenance and repair of fishing vessels, and related hotel and restauration services. Although such activities provide significant employment and economic benefits to both countries at large and local coastal communities, they are not always effectively harnessed to enhance value addition. Opportunities exist to extend current value chains in capture fisheries and aquaculture, both upstream (e.g. vessel support services or support services to farms) and downstream (e.g. processing output into higher-value products).

A systems-wide approach is required, which situates fish and seafood value chains within the context of a broader oceans/blue economy, in recognition of the linkages between sectors. Participating in multiple value chains which service different sectors can enhance the diversification of inputs (e.g. seaweed) and outputs (e.g. nutraceuticals). Coastal and insular developing countries need to ensure that interlinkages between the seafood sector and other key sectors such as transport, logistics and tourism services are a key priority in their oceans/blue economy strategies to increase value addition, as has already been demonstrated for Mauritius, Seychelles and Cape Verde. UNCTAD, FAO, UN Environment, UNECE, Commonwealth, the ACP Group and the IOI are ready to support other countries to develop their own oceans economy and trade strategies to improve value addition, market access, diversification and environmental and social sustainability.

In line with the values already ascribed to within the Commonwealth Charter, the Commonwealth Blue Charter for sustainable ocean development establishes guiding principles for its members in relation to sustainable oceans economy development. The advancement of a regenerative development process - as opposed to regressive trajectories and vicious growth cycles – which encompasses the oceans economy is, solution-orientated.

Objectives

The Oceans Forum is a unique global platform to take stock, exchange experiences and present options for the implementation of trade-related targets of SDG 14 (Targets 4, 6, 7 and b) through the involvement of leading United Nations Agencies, regional bodies, government institutions and civil society organizations. The second Forum will seek to identify challenges and opportunities that sustainability and further integration of the seafood value chain and related services may present within the framework of the oceans/blue economy. The Forum will provide state of the art analysis, share country experiences and identify public and private best practices towards generating policy recommendations and proposing specific actions to meet the trade-related targets of SDG 14, building upon existing United Nations Conference outcomes, FAO, UNEP and UNECE agreements and instruments, soft law and other trade-related instruments.

Who's speaking
  • H.E. Coly Seck
    Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of Senegal to the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva
  • H.E. José Luis Cancela
    Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Uruguay to the WTO, UNCTAD, WIPO and ITC
  • Mr. Jesse Kreier
    Acting Director of the Rules Division, WTO
  • Mr. Marcio Castro de Souza
    Senior Fishery Officer, FAO

    "Trade in Fisheries Services - Challenges and Opportunities"


  • Ms Benedicte Fleischer
    Policy Director for Trade Negotiations, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ms. Lisa Svennson
    Director Oceans, UN Environment
  • Ms. Monica Maldonado
    CEO, CEIPA, Ecuador

    "The use of sectoral marks and voluntary codes to improve the sustainability and traceability of the tuna value chain"

  • H.E Roberto Zapata Barradas
    Chairman of the WTO Rules Negotiating Group and Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the WTO

    "Outcomes of WTO MC 11, recent development in WTO fish subsidies negotiations and prospects for 2019"

  • H.E. Alan Deidun
    Malta's Oceans Ambassador and Director, IOI, Malta Centre

    "Entrenching biodiversity conservation considerations within the marine-based value chain production lines in developing countries"

  • H.E. Mere Falemaka
    Permanent Representative, Permanent Delegation of the Pacific Islands Forum to the United Nations, World Trade Organization, and Other International Organizations in Geneva (tbc)
  • Mr. Anders Jessen
    Acting Director for International Ocean Governance and Sustainable Fisheries, Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (DG Mare), European Commission

    "Fixing the politics: How we can deliver on the Buenos Aires WTO Ministerial Decision on Fisheries subsidies and thereby comply with SDG 14.6?"




  • Mr. Audun Lem
    Deputy-Director, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, FAO
  • Mr. Awni Behnam
    Honorary President, IOI
  • Mr. Azmath Jaleel
    School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, United Kingdom

    "The Indian Ocean experience in improving the conservation of marine resources and expansion of seafood value chains"

  • Mr. Daniel Kachelriess
    Marine Species Officer, CITES Secretariat,

    "Needs-driven capacity building for sustainable fisheries trade and value chains under CITES"

  • Mr. David Vivas Eugui
    Legal Officer, Trade, Environment Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD
  • Mr. Frans Van Diepen
    Chair of UNECE Team of Specialists on Sustainable Fishery

    "The value of UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains"

  • Mr. Hernán Garrido Lecca
    CEO, Biopencil, Peru

    "The potential of blue BioTrade to develop sustainable marine based value chains"


  • Mr. Jan Hoffmann
    Chief Trade Logistics Branch, Division on Technology and Logistics, UNCTAD

    "The role of maritime transport and logistical services in the connectivity of the seafood value chain"


  • Mr. Javier Garat Perez
    Secretary General, Spanish Fisheries Confederation (CEPESCA), Spain

    "The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain"


  • Mr. José Ignacio Pradas Poveda
    Deputy Director General for Competitiveness and Social Affairs, Secretariat-General for Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment, Spain

    "The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain"


  • Mr. Lahsen Ababouch
    UNCTAD-FAO- UN Environment Leading Expert
  • Mr. Lucas Assunção
    Head, Trade, Environment Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD
  • Mr. Mark Ivekolia
    Wagang Fish Port Coordinator, Papua New Guinea

    "Best practices on Blue Infrastructure for fisheries in the Pacific Region"


  • Mr. Mukhisa Kituyi
    Secretary-General, UNCTAD
  • Mr. Peter Thomson
    United Nations Oceans Envoy
  • Mr. Viwanou Gnassounou
    Assistant Secretary-General for Sustainable Economic Development and Trade, ACP
  • Ms. Anja von Moltke
    Head Environment and Trade Unit, UN Environment
  • Ms. Anna Holl
    Senior Fisheries Policy Advisor, WWF
  • Ms. Ivonne Higuero
    Director of the Economic Cooperation and Trade Division, UNECE

    "The value of UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains"

  • Ms. Jodie Keane
    Economist, Commonwealth Secretariat
  • Ms. Nicola Koch
    Chef de Cabinet and Secretary of the Commission, UNECE
  • Ms. Patricia Scotland
    Secretary-General, The CommonwealtH
  • Ms. Reina Y. J. Sotillo de Galgano
    Minister Plenipotentiary - Representative to the Federal Fisheries Council, National Directorate of Multilateral Economic Negotiations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Republic of Argentina

    "Fisheries services in the Patagonian Ports: Common opportunities and challenges for Latin American Ports"

16 Jul 2018 - Day 1

Time & Place
Event Details
10:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Mukhisa Kituyi Secretary-General, UNCTAD
Ms. Patricia Scotland Secretary-General, The CommonwealtH
Mr. Viwanou Gnassounou Assistant Secretary-General for Sustainable Economic Development and Trade, ACP
Mr. Audun Lem Deputy-Director, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, FAO
Ms. Lisa Svennson Director Oceans, UN Environment
Ms. Nicola Koch Chef de Cabinet and Secretary of the Commission, UNECE
Mr. Awni Behnam Honorary President, IOI
Welcoming Session: Seafood and Marine Value Chains and SDG 14 Chair: Mr. Peter Thomson, United Nations Oceans Envoy
11:30
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Lahsen Ababouch UNCTAD-FAO- UN Environment Leading Expert
Mr. David Vivas Eugui Legal Officer, Trade, Environment Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD
Ms. Anja von Moltke Head Environment and Trade Unit, UN Environment
Ms. Jodie Keane Economist, Commonwealth Secretariat
Session 1: Meeting SDG 14: the role of trade and seafood value chains UNCTAD-FAO-UN Environment Background note on "Sustainable Fish Trade and SDG 14": Mr. Lahsen Ababouch

This session will look at the role of trade in enabling the expansion and value addition of seafood value chains (including both marine capture and marine species aquaculture). It will present the UNCTAD-FAO-UN Environment background note titled "Sustainable Fish Trade and SDG 14" that outlines recent multilateral developments, sets the scene for the policy discussion and makes preliminary recommendations for the consideration of Member States. The note also highlights global trends and key determining factors of seafood value chains, especially in developing countries.
15:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
H.E Roberto Zapata Barradas Chairman of the WTO Rules Negotiating Group and Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the WTO

"Outcomes of WTO MC 11, recent development in WTO fish subsidies negotiations and prospects for 2019"

Mr. Lucas Assunção Head, Trade, Environment Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD
Mr. Anders Jessen Acting Director for International Ocean Governance and Sustainable Fisheries, Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (DG Mare), European Commission

"Fixing the politics: How we can deliver on the Buenos Aires WTO Ministerial Decision on Fisheries subsidies and thereby comply with SDG 14.6?"




H.E. Coly Seck Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of Senegal to the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva
H.E. José Luis Cancela Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Uruguay to the WTO, UNCTAD, WIPO and ITC
H.E. Mere Falemaka Permanent Representative, Permanent Delegation of the Pacific Islands Forum to the United Nations, World Trade Organization, and Other International Organizations in Geneva (tbc)
Ms Benedicte Fleischer Policy Director for Trade Negotiations, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mr. Jesse Kreier Acting Director of the Rules Division, WTO
Ms. Anna Holl Senior Fisheries Policy Advisor, WWF
Session 2: Addressing barriers to value chain integration: fish subsidies The existence of harmful incentives in the fishing industry continues to compromise the sustainability of stocks by creating and supporting excessive fishing capacities to extract an already-scarce resource. Target 14.6 of the SDGs recognizes the need to take action on certain forms of subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and to refrain from introducing new subsidies. In 2017, the United Nations Oceans Conference called on Member States to take urgent action on this matter, and at its 11th WTO Ministerial Conference, the WTO has reinvigorated its own mandate through the Buenos Aires Ministerial Decision on Fisheries Subsidies. This later Decision calls on Members "to continue to engage constructively in the fisheries subsidies negotiations, with a view to adopting, by the Ministerial Conference in 2019, an agreement on comprehensive and effective disciplines" based on TN/RL/W/274/REV2 and RD/TN/RL/29/Rev3 and other subsequent documents. While technical work has advanced, it seems that political impetus is needed to meet the new deadline.
18:30
Delegates Restaurant, 8th floor, A Building
Cocktail Reception Co-hosted by the Commonwealth Secretariat and UNCTAD

17 Jul 2018 - Day 2

Time & Place
Event Details
10:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
H.E. Alan Deidun Malta's Oceans Ambassador and Director, IOI, Malta Centre

"Entrenching biodiversity conservation considerations within the marine-based value chain production lines in developing countries"

Ms. Monica Maldonado CEO, CEIPA, Ecuador

"The use of sectoral marks and voluntary codes to improve the sustainability and traceability of the tuna value chain"

Mr. Azmath Jaleel School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, United Kingdom

"The Indian Ocean experience in improving the conservation of marine resources and expansion of seafood value chains"

Ms. Ivonne Higuero Director of the Economic Cooperation and Trade Division, UNECE

"The value of UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains"

Mr. Frans Van Diepen Chair of UNECE Team of Specialists on Sustainable Fishery

"The value of UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains"

Mr. Hernán Garrido Lecca CEO, Biopencil, Peru

"The potential of blue BioTrade to develop sustainable marine based value chains"


Mr. Daniel Kachelriess Marine Species Officer, CITES Secretariat,

"Needs-driven capacity building for sustainable fisheries trade and value chains under CITES"

Session 3: Making marine based value chains sustainable in developing countries This session will explore opportunities to increase sustainability of seafood and other living marine resources based value chains, under a Blue/Oceans Economy approach. For this purpose, the session will present successful experiences from selected developing countries seeking to create and implement environmental and social sustainability criteria in seafood and algae value chains (including both marine capture and marine species aquaculture). Discussions will also address tools to improve the performance and integration of value chains, including private/public voluntary standards, sectoral marks, codes, strategic planning, and BioTrade principles and criteria adapted to the marine environment.
15:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Marcio Castro de Souza Senior Fishery Officer, FAO

"Trade in Fisheries Services - Challenges and Opportunities"


Mr. Jan Hoffmann Chief Trade Logistics Branch, Division on Technology and Logistics, UNCTAD

"The role of maritime transport and logistical services in the connectivity of the seafood value chain"


Mr. José Ignacio Pradas Poveda Deputy Director General for Competitiveness and Social Affairs, Secretariat-General for Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment, Spain

"The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain"


Mr. Javier Garat Perez Secretary General, Spanish Fisheries Confederation (CEPESCA), Spain

"The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain"


Mr. Mark Ivekolia Wagang Fish Port Coordinator, Papua New Guinea

"Best practices on Blue Infrastructure for fisheries in the Pacific Region"


Ms. Reina Y. J. Sotillo de Galgano Minister Plenipotentiary - Representative to the Federal Fisheries Council, National Directorate of Multilateral Economic Negotiations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Republic of Argentina

"Fisheries services in the Patagonian Ports: Common opportunities and challenges for Latin American Ports"

Session 4: The role of transport, port and logistical services in seafood value chains Services that support pre-harvesting, capture/harvesting, processing, certification and distribution of seafood products have a direct impact on the levels of competitiveness, value addition, and integration (whether horizontally or vertically) of the value chain (including both marine capture and marine species aquaculture). However, there is little understanding of what can be considered trade in fisheries and related services, due to the limited scope and disaggregation of current services classifications and available data. How can we better understand the role of supportive services to the seafood and other marine products value chains, both in wild harvesting and aquaculture? How can we develop seafood hubs and supportive services that are able to respond to increased sustainability and market demands?
17:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Peter Thomson United Nations Oceans Envoy
Session 5: Linking Joint United Nations Action and Experts' Recommendations Presentation of preliminary list of recommendations and action points emerging from the debate by the Chair, Mr. Peter Thomson, United Nations Oceans Envoy

Open debate.
18:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Peter Thomson United Nations Oceans Envoy
Closing remarks by the Chair Note: Interpretation into the 6 languages of the United Nations will be available throughout the event. All
sessions will be recorded.

Co-organized with:     
UN Conference on Trade and Development
Food and Agriculture Organization
UN Economic Commission for Europe
The Commonwealth
The African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
International Oceans Institute

Language(s):     English

Contact:

UN Environment
Ms. Anja von Moltke, anja.moltke [at] un.org

UN Conference on Trade and Development
Mr. David Vivas Eugui David.VivasEugui [at] unctad.org
Graham Mott Graham.Mott [at] unctad.org

Food and Agriculture Organization
Mr. Marcio CastroDeSouza, Marcio Marcio.CastroDeSouza [at] fao.org 

Commonwealth Secretariat
Ms. Jodie Keane j.keane [at] commonwealth.int 

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
Mr. Peter Wekesa wekesa [at] acp.int

International Oceans Institute
Ms. Awni Behnam awnialex [at] behnam.ch

UN Economic Commission for Europe
Ms. Maria-Teresa Pisani  Maria-Teresa.Pisani [at] unece.org

World Trade Organization
Ms. Clarisse Morgan jesse.kreier [at] wto.org
World Trade Organization
+41 22 739 5508

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