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2nd Oceans Forum on Trade-related Aspects of SDG 14: Enabling sustainable and integrated seafood and living marine resources value chains and related services

The Oceans Forum is a unique global platform to take stock, exchange experiences and present options for the implementation of trade-related targets of SDG 14 (Targets 4, 6, 7 and b) through the involvement of leading United Nations Agencies, regional bodies, government institutions and civil society organizations.

The Second Oceans Forum (16-17 July 2018) focused on challenges and opportunities that sustainability and further integration of the seafood value chain and related services may present within the framework of the sustainable blue economy. 

Chaired by the Special UN Envoy for the Ocean, Mr. Peter Thomson of Fiji, the Forum provided state of the art analysis, country experiences and public and private best practices to bring sustainability into the seafood value chain and trade. It developed forward looking recommendations in the context of the oceans, blue economy and trade, including on reforming subsidies, on value chain integration, transport, resilience, capacity building and interagency collaboration. It also provided a timely opportunity for Member States and other stakeholders to present their views on various trade-related aspects of SDG 14, including fisheries subsidies. 

 

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Background

Fish and seafood is one of the most traded food commodities in the world. Some 38 per cent of world production enters international trade, of which more than half originates in developing countries. The net trade income for developing countries (export – import), valued at US$ 36 billion in 2016, is greater than all other agricultural commodities combined. Around 58 million people are directly employed in fisheries and aquaculture, with some 200 million direct and indirect employment opportunities occurring along the value chain from harvesting to distribution. Hence the livelihoods of some 660 to 880 million people depend on the sector. However, the basis of this prosperity is fragile, as wild stocks are under increasing pressure.

Consumption of fish and seafood has more than doubled since 1973, while the amount caught in wild has stagnated. To meet our growing appetite for seafood, the exploitation of our living aquatic resources has expanded rapidly and often in an unsustainable manner. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, the share of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels decreased from 90 per cent in 1974 to only 66.9 per cent in 2015, resulting in an estimated loss of US$ 83bn each year. To facilitate the transition to sustainable ocean-based economies, we need to address unsustainable practices in the fishing industry across the entire value chain.

A systems-wide approach is required, which situates fish and seafood value chains within the context of a broader oceans/blue economy, in recognition of the linkages between sectors. Participating in multiple value chains which service different sectors can enhance the diversification of inputs (e.g. seaweed) and outputs (e.g. nutraceuticals). Coastal and insular developing countries need to ensure that interlinkages between the seafood sector and other key sectors such as transport, logistics and tourism services are a key priority in their oceans/blue economy strategies to increase value addition, as has already been demonstrated for Mauritius, Seychelles and Cape Verde. UN Environment, the UN Conference for Trade and Development, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the UN Economic Conference for Europe, the Commonwealth, the African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) Group and the International Oceans Institute (IOI) are ready to support countries to develop their own oceans economy and trade strategies to improve value addition, market access, diversification and environmental and social sustainability.

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Who's speaking
  • H.E. José Luis Cancela
    Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Uruguay to the WTO, UNCTAD, WIPO and ITC
  • Mr. Jesse Kreier
    Acting Director of the Rules Division, WTO
  • Mr. Marcio Castro de Souza
    Senior Fishery Officer, FAO

    "Trade in Fisheries Services - Challenges and Opportunities"


  • Ms Benedicte Fleischer
    Policy Director for Trade Negotiations, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ms. Anja von Moltke
    Head, Environment and Trade Hub, UN Environment
  • Ms. Monica Maldonado
    CEO, CEIPA, Ecuador

    "The use of sectoral marks and voluntary codes to improve the sustainability and traceability of the tuna value chain"

  • H.E Roberto Zapata Barradas
    Chairman of the WTO Rules Negotiating Group and Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the WTO

    "Outcomes of WTO MC 11, recent development in WTO fish subsidies negotiations and prospects for 2019"

  • H.E. Alan Deidun
    Malta's Oceans Ambassador and Director, IOI, Malta Centre

    "Entrenching biodiversity conservation considerations within the marine-based value chain production lines in developing countries"

  • H.E. Mere Falemaka
    Permanent Representative, Permanent Delegation of the Pacific Islands Forum to the United Nations, World Trade Organization, and Other International Organizations in Geneva (tbc)
  • Mr. Anders Jessen
    Acting Director for International Ocean Governance and Sustainable Fisheries, Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (DG Mare), European Commission

    "Fixing the politics: How we can deliver on the Buenos Aires WTO Ministerial Decision on Fisheries subsidies and thereby comply with SDG 14.6?"




  • Mr. Audun Lem
    Deputy-Director, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, FAO
  • Mr. Awni Behnam
    Honorary President, IOI
  • Mr. Azmath Jaleel
    School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, United Kingdom

    "The Indian Ocean experience in improving the conservation of marine resources and expansion of seafood value chains"

  • Mr. Daniel Kachelriess
    Marine Species Officer, CITES Secretariat,

    "Needs-driven capacity building for sustainable fisheries trade and value chains under CITES"

  • Mr. David Vivas Eugui
    Legal Officer, Trade, Environment Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD
  • Mr. Frans Van Diepen
    Chair of UNECE Team of Specialists on Sustainable Fishery

    "The value of UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains"

  • Mr. Hernán Garrido Lecca
    CEO, Biopencil, Peru

    "The potential of blue BioTrade to develop sustainable marine based value chains"


  • Mr. Jan Hoffmann
    Chief Trade Logistics Branch, Division on Technology and Logistics, UNCTAD

    "The role of maritime transport and logistical services in the connectivity of the seafood value chain"


  • Mr. Javier Garat Perez
    Secretary General, Spanish Fisheries Confederation (CEPESCA), Spain

    "The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain"


  • Mr. José Ignacio Pradas Poveda
    Deputy Director General for Competitiveness and Social Affairs, Secretariat-General for Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment, Spain

    "The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain"


  • Mr. Lahsen Ababouch
    UNCTAD-FAO- UN Environment Leading Expert
  • Mr. Lucas Assunção
    Head, Trade, Environment Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD
  • Mr. Mark Ivekolia
    Wagang Fish Port Coordinator, Papua New Guinea

    "Best practices on Blue Infrastructure for fisheries in the Pacific Region"


  • Mr. Mukhisa Kituyi
    Secretary-General, UNCTAD
  • Mr. Peter Thomson
    United Nations Oceans Envoy
  • Mr. Viwanou Gnassounou
    Assistant Secretary-General for Sustainable Economic Development and Trade, ACP
  • Ms. Anja von Moltke
    Head Environment and Trade Unit, UN Environment
  • Ms. Clarisse Morgan
    Senior Counsellor, Rules Division, WTO
  • Ms. Ivonne Higuero
    Director of the Economic Cooperation and Trade Division, UNECE

    "The value of UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains"

  • Ms. Jodie Keane
    Economist, Commonwealth Secretariat
  • Ms. Lisa Emelia Svensson
    Director for Oceans, UN Environment
  • Ms. Nicola Koch
    Chef de Cabinet and Secretary of the Commission, UNECE
  • Ms. Patricia Scotland
    Secretary-General, The CommonwealtH
  • Ms. Reina Y. J. Sotillo de Galgano
    Minister Plenipotentiary - Representative to the Federal Fisheries Council, National Directorate of Multilateral Economic Negotiations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Republic of Argentina

    "Fisheries services in the Patagonian Ports: Common opportunities and challenges for Latin American Ports"

  • Rémi Parmentier
    Director, Varda Group

16 Jul 2018 - Day 1

Time & Place
Event Details
10:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Mukhisa Kituyi Secretary-General, UNCTAD
Ms. Patricia Scotland Secretary-General, The CommonwealtH
Mr. Viwanou Gnassounou Assistant Secretary-General for Sustainable Economic Development and Trade, ACP
Mr. Audun Lem Deputy-Director, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, FAO
Ms. Anja von Moltke Head, Environment and Trade Hub, UN Environment
Ms. Nicola Koch Chef de Cabinet and Secretary of the Commission, UNECE
Mr. Awni Behnam Honorary President, IOI
Welcoming Session: Seafood and Marine Value Chains and SDG 14 Chair: Mr. Peter Thomson, United Nations Oceans Envoy
11:30
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Lahsen Ababouch UNCTAD-FAO- UN Environment Leading Expert
Mr. David Vivas Eugui Legal Officer, Trade, Environment Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD
Ms. Anja von Moltke Head Environment and Trade Unit, UN Environment
Ms. Jodie Keane Economist, Commonwealth Secretariat
Session 1: Meeting SDG 14: the role of trade and seafood value chains UNCTAD-FAO-UN Environment Background note on "Sustainable Fish Trade and SDG 14": Mr. Lahsen Ababouch

This session will look at the role of trade in enabling the expansion and value addition of seafood value chains (including both marine capture and marine species aquaculture). It will present the UNCTAD-FAO-UN Environment background note titled "Sustainable Fish Trade and SDG 14" that outlines recent multilateral developments, sets the scene for the policy discussion and makes preliminary recommendations for the consideration of Member States. The note also highlights global trends and key determining factors of seafood value chains, especially in developing countries.
15:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
H.E Roberto Zapata Barradas Chairman of the WTO Rules Negotiating Group and Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the WTO

"Outcomes of WTO MC 11, recent development in WTO fish subsidies negotiations and prospects for 2019"

Mr. Lucas Assunção Head, Trade, Environment Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities, UNCTAD
Mr. Anders Jessen Acting Director for International Ocean Governance and Sustainable Fisheries, Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (DG Mare), European Commission

"Fixing the politics: How we can deliver on the Buenos Aires WTO Ministerial Decision on Fisheries subsidies and thereby comply with SDG 14.6?"




H.E. José Luis Cancela Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Uruguay to the WTO, UNCTAD, WIPO and ITC
H.E. Mere Falemaka Permanent Representative, Permanent Delegation of the Pacific Islands Forum to the United Nations, World Trade Organization, and Other International Organizations in Geneva (tbc)
Ms Benedicte Fleischer Policy Director for Trade Negotiations, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mr. Jesse Kreier Acting Director of the Rules Division, WTO
Ms. Clarisse Morgan Senior Counsellor, Rules Division, WTO
Rémi Parmentier Director, Varda Group
Session 2: Addressing barriers to value chain integration: fish subsidies The existence of harmful incentives in the fishing industry continues to compromise the sustainability of stocks by creating and supporting excessive fishing capacities to extract an already-scarce resource. Target 14.6 of the SDGs recognizes the need to take action on certain forms of subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and to refrain from introducing new subsidies. In 2017, the United Nations Oceans Conference called on Member States to take urgent action on this matter, and at its 11th WTO Ministerial Conference, the WTO has reinvigorated its own mandate through the Buenos Aires Ministerial Decision on Fisheries Subsidies. This later Decision calls on Members "to continue to engage constructively in the fisheries subsidies negotiations, with a view to adopting, by the Ministerial Conference in 2019, an agreement on comprehensive and effective disciplines" based on TN/RL/W/274/REV2 and RD/TN/RL/29/Rev3 and other subsequent documents. While technical work has advanced, it seems that political impetus is needed to meet the new deadline.
18:30
Delegates Restaurant, 8th floor, A Building
Cocktail Reception Co-hosted by the Commonwealth Secretariat and UNCTAD

17 Jul 2018 - Day 2

Time & Place
Event Details
10:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Ms. Lisa Emelia Svensson Director for Oceans, UN Environment
H.E. Alan Deidun Malta's Oceans Ambassador and Director, IOI, Malta Centre

"Entrenching biodiversity conservation considerations within the marine-based value chain production lines in developing countries"

Ms. Monica Maldonado CEO, CEIPA, Ecuador

"The use of sectoral marks and voluntary codes to improve the sustainability and traceability of the tuna value chain"

Mr. Azmath Jaleel School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, United Kingdom

"The Indian Ocean experience in improving the conservation of marine resources and expansion of seafood value chains"

Ms. Ivonne Higuero Director of the Economic Cooperation and Trade Division, UNECE

"The value of UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains"

Mr. Frans Van Diepen Chair of UNECE Team of Specialists on Sustainable Fishery

"The value of UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains"

Mr. Hernán Garrido Lecca CEO, Biopencil, Peru

"The potential of blue BioTrade to develop sustainable marine based value chains"


Mr. Daniel Kachelriess Marine Species Officer, CITES Secretariat,

"Needs-driven capacity building for sustainable fisheries trade and value chains under CITES"

Session 3: Making marine based value chains sustainable in developing countries This session will explore opportunities to increase sustainability of seafood and other living marine resources based value chains, under a Blue/Oceans Economy approach. For this purpose, the session will present successful experiences from selected developing countries seeking to create and implement environmental and social sustainability criteria in seafood and algae value chains (including both marine capture and marine species aquaculture). Discussions will also address tools to improve the performance and integration of value chains, including private/public voluntary standards, sectoral marks, codes, strategic planning, and BioTrade principles and criteria adapted to the marine environment.
15:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Marcio Castro de Souza Senior Fishery Officer, FAO

"Trade in Fisheries Services - Challenges and Opportunities"


Mr. Jan Hoffmann Chief Trade Logistics Branch, Division on Technology and Logistics, UNCTAD

"The role of maritime transport and logistical services in the connectivity of the seafood value chain"


Mr. José Ignacio Pradas Poveda Deputy Director General for Competitiveness and Social Affairs, Secretariat-General for Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment, Spain

"The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain"


Mr. Javier Garat Perez Secretary General, Spanish Fisheries Confederation (CEPESCA), Spain

"The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain"


Mr. Mark Ivekolia Wagang Fish Port Coordinator, Papua New Guinea

"Best practices on Blue Infrastructure for fisheries in the Pacific Region"


Ms. Reina Y. J. Sotillo de Galgano Minister Plenipotentiary - Representative to the Federal Fisheries Council, National Directorate of Multilateral Economic Negotiations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Republic of Argentina

"Fisheries services in the Patagonian Ports: Common opportunities and challenges for Latin American Ports"

Session 4: The role of transport, port and logistical services in seafood value chains Services that support pre-harvesting, capture/harvesting, processing, certification and distribution of seafood products have a direct impact on the levels of competitiveness, value addition, and integration (whether horizontally or vertically) of the value chain (including both marine capture and marine species aquaculture). However, there is little understanding of what can be considered trade in fisheries and related services, due to the limited scope and disaggregation of current services classifications and available data. How can we better understand the role of supportive services to the seafood and other marine products value chains, both in wild harvesting and aquaculture? How can we develop seafood hubs and supportive services that are able to respond to increased sustainability and market demands?
17:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Peter Thomson United Nations Oceans Envoy
Session 5: Linking Joint United Nations Action and Experts' Recommendations Presentation of preliminary list of recommendations and action points emerging from the debate by the Chair, Mr. Peter Thomson, United Nations Oceans Envoy

Open debate.
18:00
Room XXVI, Palais des Nations, Geneva
Mr. Peter Thomson United Nations Oceans Envoy
Closing remarks by the Chair Note: Interpretation into the 6 languages of the United Nations will be available throughout the event. All
sessions will be recorded.

Achieving the targets of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Sustainable Fish and Seafood Value Chains and Trade, Mr. Lahsen Ababouch, UNCTAD-FAO-UN Environment Leading Expert

16/07/2018 - 1795KB

 

Seafood and other marine resources value chains, Mr. David Vivas, UNCTAD

16/07/2018 - 578KB

 

Subsidies and the fisheries sector: a measurement challenge. Preliminary Findings, Mr. Lucas Assunção, UNCTAD

16/07/2018 - 186KB

 

Uruguay – artisanal fishing, Mr. José Luis Cancela, Permanent Representative of Uruguay

16/07/2018 - 255KB

 

WTO Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations. The Pacific Perspectives, Mere Falemaka, Pacific Islands Forum Geneva Office

16/07/2018 - 559KB

 

WTO Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations, Mr. Remi Parmentier, Varda Group

16/07/2018 - 353KB

 

Meeting SDG14 – the Role of Trade and Seafood Value Chains, Ms. Jodie Keane, the Commonwealth

16/07/2018 - 1176KB

 

Remarks, Mr. Roberto Zapata Barradas, Chairman of the WTO Negotiating Group on Rules and Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the WTO

16/07/2018 - 95KB

 

Remarks, Mr. Viwanou Gnassounou, Assistant Secretary-General, African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (the ACP Group)

16/07/2018 - 125KB

 

Remarks, Rt Hon Patricia Scotland QC, Secretary-General, the Commonwealth

16/07/2018 - 190KB

 

Trade as a mechanism to enhance Sustainable Blue Economy, Ms. Lisa Emelia Svensson, UNEP

17/07/2018 - 161KB

 

Entrenching biodiversity conservation considerations within the marine-based value chain production lines in developing countries, Alan Deidun, IOI, Malta

17/07/2018 - 3850KB

 

Trade in Fisheries Services – Challenges and Opportunities, Mr. Marcio Castro de Souza, FAO

17/07/2018 - 1069KB

 

The role of maritime transport and logistical services in the connectivity of the seafood value chain, Mr. Jan Hoffmann, UNCTAD

17/07/2018 - 5885KB

 

The Indian Ocean experience in improving the conservation of marine resources and expansion of seafood value chains, Mr. Azmath Jaleel, Cardiff University, United Kingdom

17/07/2018 - 2489KB

 

The value of the UN/CEFACT FLUX standard to improve sustainable management and traceability in value chains, Ms. Ivonne Higuero and Mr. Frans Van Diepen, UNECE

17/07/2018 - 1071KB

 

The development of supportive services to the seafood value chain: The case of Spain, Mr. Javier Garat Perez, Spanish Fisheries Confederation (CEPESCA)

17/07/2018 - 2627KB

 

The potential of Blue BioTrade to develop sustainable marine based value chains, Mr. Hernán Garrido Lecca, BioPencil, Peru

17/07/2018 - 3359KB

 

Fisheries services in the Patagonian Ports: common opportunities and challenges for Latin American Ports, Ms. Reina Y. J. Sotillo de Galgano, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Republic of Argentina

17/07/2018 - 563KB

 

Needs-driven capacity building for sustainable fisheries trade and value chains under CITES, Mr. Daniel Kachelriess, CITES

17/07/2018 - 2067KB

 

Keynote Address, Mr. Awni Behnam, International Ocean Institute

17/07/2018 - 125KB

 

The Indian Ocean experience in improving the conservation of marine resources and expansion of seafood value chains , Ms. Monica Maldonado, CEIPA, Ecuador

17/07/2018 - 1325KB

Outcomes of the Second Oceans Forum

Participants commended the joint efforts by a coalition comprised of UN Environment, the UN Conference for Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the UN Economic Conference for Europe (UNECE), the Commonwealth Secretariat, the African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) Group and the International Ocean Institute (IOI) to organize the Forum. Achieving SDG 14 targets requires an integrated and interdisciplinary approach, along with coordination and policy coherence at all levels. To achieve this, stakeholders need to have the capacity to design, implement and streamline policies, to mobilize finance, and to apply innovations that integrate best practices. This will require new partnerships and enhanced cooperation towards sustainable seafood trade.

One important outcome of the Forum was the proposal by UN Environment, the UN Conference on Trade and Development and the Food and Agricultural Organization to develop a Joint Plan of Action focusing on trade-related aspect of SDG 14. The plan will serve as an important means of implementation, building on the joint roadmap that UN Environment, the UN Conference on Trade and Development and the Food and Agricultural Organization committed to at the United Nations Ocean Conference in June 2017.

Read the Chair's Conclusions by Mr. Peter Thomson (United Nations Secretary General’s Special Envoy for the Ocean) to learn more about the Forum.

 

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News Releases on the Second Oceans Forum

Event Partners

Co-organized with:     
UN Conference on Trade and Development
Food and Agriculture Organization
UN Economic Commission for Europe
The Commonwealth
The African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
International Oceans Institute

Language(s):     English

 

Event Contacts:

UN Environment
Ms. Anja von Moltke, anja.moltke [at] un.org

UN Conference on Trade and Development
Mr. David Vivas Eugui David.VivasEugui [at] unctad.org
Graham Mott Graham.Mott [at] unctad.org

Food and Agriculture Organization
Mr. Marcio CastroDeSouza, Marcio Marcio.CastroDeSouza [at] fao.org 

Commonwealth Secretariat
Ms. Jodie Keane j.keane [at] commonwealth.int 

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
Mr. Peter Wekesa wekesa [at] acp.int

International Oceans Institute
Ms. Awni Behnam awnialex [at] behnam.ch

UN Economic Commission for Europe
Ms. Maria-Teresa Pisani  Maria-Teresa.Pisani [at] unece.org

World Trade Organization
Ms. Clarisse Morgan jesse.kreier [at] wto.org
World Trade Organization
+41 22 739 5508

 

Weblinks

Environment and Trade Hub
UN Environment

Fisheries Subsidies 
UN Environment

Oceans and Seas
UN Environment

Why do we need to support sustainable and resilient fishing in Port Salut, Haiti?
UN Environment 

2nd Oceans Forum on trade-related aspects of Sustainable Development Goal 14
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Oceans Forum on trade-related aspects of Sustainable Development Goal 14
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Oceans Economy and Fisheries
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)