A successful international workshop on seagrass monitoring was organized by our Monitoring and Assessment Center in Himi, Toyama Prefecture. The Pollution Monitoring Center has completed the Regional Overview of the NOWPAP Ecological Quality Objectives and relevant indicators, which represents an important step towards defining “good environmental status” for the NOWPAP marine and coastal environment. NOWPAP was at full force at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) co-organizing two sessions (on marine litter and microplastics and on harmful algal blooms), addressing PICES Science Board and Governing Council as well as making presentations at various technical sessions. In September 2017, NOWPAP together with Tripartite Environmental Ministers Meeting held a workshop on marine litter and microplastics management and International Ocean Cleanup Campaign.
The guidelines help to identify the types, amounts and sources of marine litter, and ultimately to protect human and animal health and safety, as well as to preserve the arine and coastal environment.
A number of environmental non-governmental organizations ENGOs have taken substantial measures to control marine litter in China. However, in comparison to other member states within and outside of the region, Chinese ENGO activities have been relatively under-recognized by the public, the local government, and regional and international organizations. In order to facilitate the communication and collaboration of other partners (e.g. governments, regional and international organizations, private sectors and the public) with Chinese ENGOs under the GPML framework, the author presents this national report on the work of Chinese ENGOs in marine litter control under the SSFA signed between CRAES and NOWPAP RCU. This report aims to provide the most up-to-date information regarding their activities and an in-depth analysis of their legal status, which is highly relevant to their development.
During the implementation of NOWPAP Marine Litter Activity, a regional overview regarding marine litter in the NOWPAP region was prepared in October 2007, based on the data and information available in the region (from 2002 to 2005) on existing legal instruments, institutional arrangements, programmes and initiatives. It was then slightly updated and reprinted in 2008. As the third regional overview, this report covers recent developments related to marine litter problem in the NOWPAP region and includes data from 2006 to 2009. The main objective of this assessment is to understand the current status of the marine litter problem in the Northwest Pacific region, its composition and possible sources.
The Northwest Pacific region features coastal and island ecosystems with spectacular marine life and commercially important fishing resources. The region is also one of the most densely populated parts of the world, resulting in enormous pressures and demands on the environment, including marine and coastal biodiversity. This brochure provides information on biodiversity threats and status is given for the western and eastern parts of the NOWPAP region as well as on member states response to those threats.
The Action Plan for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region (NOWPAP) is part of the over four-decade-oldUN Environment Regional Seas Programme that addresses the accelerating degradation of the world’s seas and coasts through a unique “shared seas” approach engaging neighbouring countries in comprehensive and specific actions to protect their shared marine environment.
NOWPAP was set up in 1994 by the People’s Republic of China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation as an intergovernmental mechanism to support „the wise use, development and management of the coastal and marine environment so as to obtain the utmost long-term benefits for the human populations of the region, while protecting human health, ecological integrity and the regions sustainability for future generations“. Its geographical scope extends from 121°E to 143°E longitude, and from 33°N to 52°N latitude.
The ‘Washed-Ashore Articles Disposal Promotion Act’* was enacted in July 2009 and includes measures necessary to promote smooth disposal of marine litter and reduction of marine litter input. Given that the prefectures of Japan were required to formulate regional plans which were to specifically identify priority areas where measures against marine litter were to be promoted, as well as the details of those measures, role sharing and cooperation between concerned groups, and points to consider in implementing measures against marine litter, in March 2011 Toyama Prefecture Government formulated the ‘Toyama Prefectural Regional Plan for the Promotion of Measures against Marine Litter’.