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Pollution today is pervasive and persistent. While the world has achieved significant economic growth over the past few decades, it has been accompanied by large amounts of pollution, with significant impacts on human health and ecosystems and the ways in which some of the major Earth system processes, such as the climate, are functioning. This report describes the pollution challenge, explores what is already being done to address pollution, and proposes 50 focused and actionable interventions to address pollution in all its forms.
The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, established the global goal on adaptation of enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal.
Even if the pledges in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change are implemented, we will still not reduce greenhouse gas emissions enough to meet the goals. The UN Environment Emissions Gap Report 2017 states that for the 2°C goal, this shortfall could be 11 to 13.5 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. For the 1.5°C goal, it could be as much as 16 to 19 gigatonnes. We urgently need more ambitious action to close these gaps. So, this latest 1 Gigaton Coalition Report helps to focus those efforts by quantifying the progress secured through renewable energy and energy efficiency.