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This report concludes that Ethiopian forests generated economic benefits in the form of cash and in-kind income equivalent to 111.2 billion Ethiopian Birr (ETB) (USD16.7 billion) or 12.86% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2012-131, considerably larger than previously thought. Of this, 6.09% of GDP is attributed to forest industries. The contribution of forest ecosystems to other sectors, particularly agriculture, is valued at 6.77% of GDP. In addition, 2.4 billion ETB was attributed to non-market benefits based on Ethiopians’ willingness to pay to maintain forests.
This report analyses whether increased efficiency in forestry operations and forest product processing and utilization are interesting REDD+ policies and measures (PAMs) for the Government of Kenya (GoK) to pursue, with the potential to attract public and/or private investments to enable REDD+ implementation.
UN Environment, in cooperation with World Health Organization, United States Environment Protection Agency and other partners, has developed a model law and guidance in order to assist countries in establishing and implementing regulation on lead paint. The model law is available here [PDF].
The focus of discussions on the Sustainable Development Goals has shifted to the development of appropriate indicators for measuring progress in the implementation of the Goals at the global, regional and national levels. While the role and relevance of multilateral environmental agreements in that regard have long been recognized, current efforts to develop the Sustainable Development Goal indicators seem to have been hindered by the appropriateness of the data and information emanating from the implementation of those agreements.
One of the main challenges in managing freshwater ecosystems lies in finding the balance between short-term socioeconomic development objectives and the need to protect and restore freshwater ecosystems to support more sustainable, long-term socioeconomic wellbeing.
The stories featured in this publication bring forth a picture of grassroots action being taken around the world every day by individuals and communities to protect the most vulnerable segments of our population from the potentially harmful effects of certain chemicals and wastes.
The report provides a unique quantification of the costs in terms of lost growth opportunities and an estimate of what societies, economies, and communities would gain if the gender gap in agriculture is addressed. The findings of this report are striking, and send a strong signal to policy makers in Africa as well as development partners that closing the gender gap is smart economics. Consider this: closing the gender gap in agricultural productivity could potentially lift as many as 238,000 people out of poverty in Malawi, 80,000 people in Tanzania, and 119,000 people in Uganda.
Over the last decade, laws codifying national and international responses to climate change have grown in number, specificity, and importance. As these laws have recognized new rights and created new duties, litigation seeking to challenge either their facial validity or their particular application has followed.So too has litigation aimed at pressing legislators and policymakers to be more ambitious and thorough in their approaches to climate change.
This guide offers an overview of the key elements required to transform a national appliance market towards more energy-efficient products through the application of the U4E Integrated Policy Approach. It is cross-cutting for all United for Efficiency priority products including lighting, residential refrigerators, air conditioners, distribution transformers and electric motors.