FAQ

COVID-19 FAQs

07 July 2020

As part of its response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the United Nations is highlighting the need for delivering trusted information, life-saving advice and fact-based content to help counter the spread of misinformation. Here is a list of frequently asked questions on environmental issues.

Trade and the Environment:
How has COVID-19 affected global trade? Due to COVID-19, trade is experiencing an unprecedented contraction. The pandemic has caused dramatic supply and demand shocks in the world economy, and the World Trade Organization (WTO) expects world trade to fall by 13 to 32 per cent in 2020.

Nature Based Solutions:
What are nature-based solutions?
Nature-based solutions are actions, policies and ideas that work with the environment and ecosystems to solve a range of problems and challenges. They can range from mangrove restoration to protect coastlines from storm surges, to major greening infrastructure projects that can build cities that are more liveable through heatwaves and reforestation to reduce the levels CO2 in our atmosphere.

Global Environmental Governance:
What is global environmental governance?
Global environmental governance refers to all the rules, procedures and institutions that direct the processes of global environmental protection. Environmental issues became part of the international agenda in the early 1970s. Since then, policies and politics have developed very quickly–exceeding their original scope, and providing a basis for a coordinated system to affect tangible, long-term improvements to the environment, worldwide.

Nationally Determined Contributions:
What are NDCs?
NDCs are ‘Nationally Determined Contributions’ and they represent the commitments of each country to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change. They were agreed to by countries during the Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP) in Paris in 2015, a commitment known as ‘The Paris Agreement ’.

Green Stimulus:
What is Green Fiscal Stimulus?
Green stimulus combines crisis spending to restart the economy with environmental objectives in mind. The transition to low-carbon economies represents new jobs, new emerging sectors and new opportunities for business development. Green stimulus identifies swift economic stimuli that also serve an environmental or “green” purpose. An example action could be a repurposing of a fossil fuel subsidy to instead help small business owners recover.

Zoonotic Diseases:
What are zoonotic diseases? 75% of all emerging infectious diseases in humans are zoonotic. Emerging pathogens are more likely to be viruses than other kinds of pathogen and more likely to have a broad host range.The interaction of humans or livestock with wildlife exposes them to the risk of spillover of potential pathogens. For many zoonoses, livestock serve as an epidemiological bridge between wildlife and human infections.

Related information:

 

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