Sudan's diverse natural resources can help support economic growth and development and can also be valuable assets in helping to rebuild the Darfur region and other parts of the country that have suffered years of conflict.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has been providing environmental support to Sudan since the 1990s. Since completing a major post-conflict environmental assessment of Sudan in 2007, UNEP has established an active country presence and developed an integrated environment programme for Sudan.
UNEP is working with federal and state government, the international community, civil society, academia, the private sector, and communities to encourage the sustainable development of the country’s natural resources with the aim of assisting the people of Sudan to achieve peace, recovery, and development in an environmentally sustainable manner. More specifically, UNEP is engaged in the following areas:
- Climate Change and Adaptation
- Gender and the Environment
- Environmental Governance
- Environmental Mainstreaming
- Integrated Water Resources Management
- Natural Resource Management
- Environment in Review
Adapting to an Encroaching Desert in North Darfur
As climate change drives desertification in much of the Sahel and zones on other continents, one strategy for the national authorities and the international community is to help local communities build more resilience at ground level. With support from the European Union and the United Nations, a combination of two things – structures and systems – are now making it possible for the citizens of North Darfur’s Wadi El Ku basin to sustain their livelihoods. And, within the limitations of these tough semi-desert conditions, even to prosper.
UNEP and the state government of North Darfur are implementing the second phase of the Wadi El Ku Catchment Management project. This project aims to expand and promote scientific and technical information for improved integrated water resources management (IWRM) and inclusive natural resource management and early warning systems. It will also demonstrate and promote improved agricultural and natural resource management approaches and cooperation mechanisms. The second phase of the project will continue to serve as a demonstration project for uptake and replication in the wider Wadi El Ku, as well as in Darfur and Sudan in the future. It will also contribute to the overall objective of establishing climate-resilient livelihoods and reducing natural resource conflicts and displacement due to the loss of livelihoods in North Darfur.
The Wadi El Ku Catchment Management project is funded by the European Union and implemented by UNEP in partnership with Federal and State Government, locally-based civil society organisations led by Practical Action, and local communities. UNEP's work was recently featured in The Guardian.
Promoting Successful Environmental Practices in Sudan
The United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) is supporting an initiative called “Adapt for Environment and Climate Resilience in Sudan” (or simply “ADAPT!”). The initiative aims to promote evidence-based policy and decision-making and scale up successful environmental practices in development and humanitarian programming. ADAPT! wants to effect positive change by supporting policy and institutional reform in natural resources management and help Sudan formulate project proposals to mobilize resources.
Through this initiative, UNEP is currently taking stock of the state of the environment in Sudan with a view to publish its findings in Sudan's State of the Environment and Outlook report in 2020.
ADAPT! is funded by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) and implemented by UNEP in partnership with the Government of Sudan.
- Sudan Integrated Environmental Programme (2020)
- Wadi El Ku Catchment Management Project (2020)
- Mainstreaming the Environment in Humanitarian Programming in Sudan (2020)
- How Water is Helping to End 'the First Climate Change War' (2019)
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