NOWPAP History

1974 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) launches the Regional Seas Programme to address growing degradation of the world’s oceans and coastal areas by engaging neighbouring countries in comprehensive and specific actions to protect their common marine environment

1989 At the request of (People’s Republic of) China, Japan, Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation, UNEP approves “preparation of new action plans for seas not yet covered by the Regional Seas Programme”

1991 Representatives of northwest Pacific countries meet in Vladivostok, Russian Federation to discuss an Action Plan to implement the Regional Seas Programme in the region

1994 First Intergovernmental Meeting (IGM) of northwest Pacific countries held in Seoul on 14 September, adopts the Action Plan for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region (NOWPAP)

1998 The Third NOWPAP IGM held in Vladivostok endorses the establishment of a network of Regional Activity Centres

1999 The Fourth IGM held in Beijing decides to establish a NOWPAP Regional Coordinating Unit (RCU).

1999 The Special Monitoring & Coastal Environmental Assessment Regional Activity Centre (CEARAC) of NOWPAP established in Toyama, Japan

1999 The Pollution Monitoring Regional Activity Center (POMRAC) of NOWPAP established in Vladivostok

2000 The Marine Environmental Emergency Preparedness and Response Regional Activity Centre (MERRAC) of NOWPAP established in Daejeon, Republic of Korea

2000 The Sixth IGM held in Tokyo decides to set up two RCU offices, one in Toyoma and the other in Busan, Republic of Korea

2001 The Data and Information Network Regional Activity Centre (DINRAC) of NOWPAP established in Beijing

2004 RCU offices in Toyama and Busan open on 1 and 2 November 2004, respectively

2004 The Ninth IGM held in Busan asks NOWPAP to begin work on the marine litter problem in the region

2004 A Memorandum of Understanding is signed on Regional Cooperation on Preparedness and Response to Oils Spills in the Marine Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region

2005  The 10th IGM held in Toyama approves the Marine Litter Activity (MALITA) in the NOWPAP Region project and extends geographic coverage of the NOWPAP Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan

2007 The 12th IGM held in Xiamen, China approves the NOWPAP Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter (RAP MALI)

2008 The 13th IGM held in Jeju, Republic of Korea, approves the NOWPAP Regional Oil and Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) Spill Contingency Plan

2012 NOWPAP Medium-term Strategy (MTS) for 2012-2017 endorsed by Member States

2014 The International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), representing NOWPAP Secretariat signed Agreement of Cooperation in the field of environment, including preparedness and response to spills of oil and chemicals, marine litter, pollution damage civil liability and compensation, and ballast water management

2018 NOWPAP Medium-term Strategy 2018-2023 adopted by Member States. The major focus of the Strategy is on the coordination of the regional implementation of the ocean-related Sustainable Development Goals using NOWPAP mechanism.