Non-motorized transport offers basic mobility, affordable transport, access to public transport and health benefits. Improving the convenience, comfort and safety of walking and cycling reduces the demand for travel by personal motor vehicles, helping to alleviate the critical traffic challenges facing many cities. As zero-emission modes, walking and cycling are critical efforts in reducing the harmful local pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
Share the Road programme has collaborated with the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy to create a toolkit entitled ‘How to develop a non-motorised transport policy.’ The toolkit offers a step-by-step explanation of the process of developing an non-motorized transport policy beginning with a discussion of the design principles for non-motorized transport facilities, followed by a description of methodologies for assessing the existing non-motorized transport environment and institutional capacity. It then describes the typical components of a non-motorized transport strategy and how they can be customized for the local context. Finally, it describes stakeholder engagement strategies and opportunities for institutional development to support the implementation of the strategy.
An non-motorized transport strategy helps to define a common vision for improving the walking and cycling environment. The strategy can serve as an umbrella document that guides specific projects, such as a streetscape redesign or the implementation of a system for managing on-street parking. It also can help guide coordination among the multiple agencies that play a role in the design and management of the non-motorized transport environment. In laying out the vision for an enhanced walking and cycling environment, a non-motorized transport strategy can complement mobility plans, which offer detailed guidance on specific mobility initiatives.