The Tanzanian government is committed to ‘improving] the road network together with improved pedestrian facilities and at the same time enhance management of the urban road network, especially in Dar es Salaam and emerging cities.’
Tanzania National Transport Policy (2011)
Deteriorating road infrastructure means that the conditions are unpleasant for walking and cycling. In some parts of the city, sidewalks for NMT are almost non-existent, and even where they do exist they are occupied largely by parked cars. The sidewalks are generally not paved, which creates a poor walking environment and leads to pedestrians walking in the road (Bruun et al, 2016).
In 2011 a new national transport policy was drawn up with support from International Development (DFID), which supported public transport, BRT and land use planning, and facilitated the establishment of Dar es Salaam Urban Transport Authority (DUTA) as a central coordinating body on urban transport issues.
This Draft National Transport Policy emphasizes rural NMT and IMT modes as well as urban pedestrians. It makes no mention of bicycle transport.
One of its policy objectives, under the chapter on rural mobility, includes the promotion of rural mobility ‘through [the] introduction and adoption of different forms of NMTs / IMTs, and provision of complementary safe and affordable motorized rural transport services for all rural communities.’
The Policy commits government to promote ‘developing and facilitating the introduction and adoption of NMTs / IMTs for short distance travel and transport in rural communities… [and the] provision of safe and affordable long-distance motorized travel and transport services penetrate all rural communities. The NMTs/ IMTs will be publicized and, where appropriate, their initial adoption will be supported with technical advice and financial loans.’
Under the chapter on improving and managing the urban road network, the Policy commits government to ‘improve the road network together with improved pedestrian facilities and at the same time enhance management of the urban road network, especially in Dar es Salaam and emerging cities.’