Sudan's diverse natural resources can help support economic growth and development and can also be valuable assets in helping to rebuild the Darfur region and other parts of the country that have suffered years of conflict.
Since completing a major environmental assessment of Sudan in 2007, UN Environment has established an active country presence and developed a Sudan Integrated Environment Programme.
UN Environment is working with Sudanese national, state and local leaders, civil society and the international community to encourage the sustainable development of the country’s natural resources – with the ultimate aim of assisting the people of Sudan to achieve peace, recovery and development on an environmentally sustainable basis. More specifically, it is engaged in the following areas:
- Safeguarding the environment
- Climate change
- Community environmental management
- Environmental consultations
- Environmental governance
- Environmental mainstreaming
- Markets and trade
- Water resource management
Sudan’s Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Physical Development is UN Environment’s government counterpart. The principal UN Environment Sudan donor is UKaid from the Department for International Development.
The Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment report includes chapters on water, agriculture, forests, desertification, wildlife, marine areas, industrial pollution, the urban environment, environmental governance and the role of environmental pressures in previous conflicts. The assessment and its 85 recommendations form the basis of UN Environment’s continuing engagement in Sudan
Adaptation, Governance or Peacebuilding?
Lessons Learned from UN Environment's Sudan Integrated Environment Programme 2007 – 2012
Sudan is facing numerous concurrent processes of change that are creating stresses on formal and traditional systems of environmental governance. These include population growth, urbanisation, climate change and social and economic changes and the secession of South Sudan. These are driving changes in livelihoods and changes in the way groups interact in their management of natural resources. Analysis of livelihoods and the contexts in which livelihoods adapt has enabled the programme to link environmental policy and institutional strengthening with complex realities faced by communities. Across Africa, the interaction of formal and traditional leadership is dynamic - an interface that is particularly significant for management of natural resources, land and dispute resolution. In addition, conflict disrupts environmental governance in many parts of Sudan, by undermining the activity of formal government and traditional leadership.
UN Environment is working in Sudan to support the government in the development and adaptation of processes of environmental governance. The core themes of the work are Integrated Water Resources Management, adaptation to the impacts of climate change, support to pastoralist livelihoods, and community based natural resource management. UN Environment works with partners to implement projects with practical benefits. This enables proof of concept for new environmental approaches to be scaled up and generates an incentive for partners to engage with the wider policy and institutional work. This, in turn, brings greater impact to the practical programming. Darfur is a particular focus of the work, in addition to national-level environmental policy. The Doha Document for Peace in Darfur makes the formulation of environmental policy a priority in order to restrain environmental degradation and promote peace between communities who share common resources. This poster paper describes lessons learned during the implementation of the Sudan Integrated Environment Programme from 2009-2012 and its precursors Aid and Environment and Darfur IWRM 2007-2009.