The Global Monitoring Plan for POPs (GMP) has been established to identify trends, assess risks, and set priorities related to POPs. It provides a framework for the collection of comparable monitoring data on the levels of POPs in humans and in the environment worldwide. These data make it possible to evaluate over time the changes on POPs concentration and their regional and global transport.
In a nutshell, the following steps were taken to implement the Global Monitoring Plan on POPs:
- Assessment of needs for capacity building to analyse POPs (2005-2007);
- GMP Implementation, phase 1 (GMP1: 2008-2011);
- Development of tools and methods to analyse new POPs (2012-2015);
- GMP Implementation, phase 2 (2016-2019).
Moreover, guidance documents, standards operating procedures (SOPs) and methods were developed and are being kept up to date for POPs sampling and analysis.
In many countries, there is a lack of capacity to generate GMP data. To address these gaps, two waves of regional projects (GMP1 and GMP2) have been launched to build in-country capacities for the sampling and the analysis of POPs. These projects are carried out by the Science and Risk Unit of UNEP Chemicals and Waste Branch in cooperation with the Secretariat of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions (BRS Secretariat), national and international institutions as well as academia and the private sector. Funds are provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the SAICM Quick Start Programme (QSP), participating countries and bilateral donors.
By generating high-quality data that is robust, meaningful and reliable as a basis for informed decision-making, the Global Monitoring Plan enables the Conference of Parties (COP) to the Stockholm Convention to undertake risk assessments and initiate counter-measures. It also allows the COP to evaluate the effectiveness of the treaty, in accordance with its article 16.